Zrodila se vůně: historie a vznik parfémů

The scent was born:the history and origin of perfumes

The history of perfumes dates back surprisingly thousands of years. Various types of fragrances were discovered not only in ancient Egypt, but also in the Roman and Persian empires or Mesopotamia. However, in ancient times, perfumes did not only serve as a fragrant supplement, but above all as a symbol of hygiene and cleanliness.And how the perfumes we love so much have evolved over time?

There is no smell like a scent

And there is no perfume like perfume. These have been used in various ways throughout the world. Even before they became part of the fashion industry, perfumes were used, for exampledesignation of nobility. Only people from the upper class had access to fragrances. Perfumes were expensive and difficult to obtain. One of the first recorded perfume factories was the Tapputi chemist, whose story was found on a clay slab from Mesopotamia and dates back to the second millennium BC. Impressive thate?

Fragrant greetings from Egypt


Ancient Egypt celebrated perfumes were of great importance here.. Even in local mythology, there is a mention that the god Nefertem is the master of perfume. Perfumes were made in Egypt usingdistillation of natural ingredients with essential oils. The most frequent ingredients were, of course, flowers and fruits.However, the scents were used not only to refresh the skin, but also for homes and public festivities. Fragrant baths and households played a major role in the history of Egypt,the rulers even took their favorite perfume with them to the grave.

Oil based perfume

The Persian kings were famous for their distinctive scent.The perfume was like their signature, and no one else was allowed to use the same scent. The Persians even ruled the perfume trade and are consideredinventor of oil-based perfumes. According to documents from these ancient times in Persia, there were many workshops for the production of perfumes, where the creators liked to experiment with fragrances and distillation processes. It seems to be another building block of perfumery as a craft.

Greco-Roman scent

Thanks to the thorough documentation of perfume production, which is backed by the ancient Romans and Greeks, you can still find Greco-Roman scents today. One of them dates from 1850 BC from the world's oldest perfume factory. Perfumes were associated with the goddess of love Aphrodite, with services and temples. It was often used for perfuming incense and myrrh – to scent public baths or in the production of body balms and perfumes. Despite their love of fragrances, however, some Romans condemned the use of perfumes because of their wealth and waste, and soafter the fall of Rome, fragrances were banned and the perfume market in Europe stagnated for hundreds of years before they became popular.

Fragrant writing and other skills

While perfumery has declined in Europe,in ancient India or China, perfumes continued to be used in everyday life. In India, perfume was an integral part of tantric rituals.In ancient China, perfume was even part of the inks used to write. The Chinese also used perfume as a disinfectant, believing it would rid the room of the disease. The perfume was not so much used on the skin as on scenting the surroundings. It was not until later that a wave of personal perfumes arrived in China. At that time, it was mainly a strong oriental and spicy scent.ě.

Perfumes in Europe

During the Crusades around the 11th century, the Crusaders brought materials and techniques to Europe to produce fragrances from the Far East.The popularity of perfumes has finally risen and it was perfected by Italians in the 13th century whoreplaced liquid perfumes with solid ones. Marco Polo imported unique aromatic substances from his travels, and so Venice soon became a trading venue for fragrances.Catherine de Medici, a rich Italian woman who married the French king in 1519, is often attributed to the spread of perfume to the rest of Europe. Her Italian perfumeRene le Florentin created for herthe smellof orange blossom and bergamot just then, perfume became a real fashion accessory. European men and women wore it on their bodies, clothes and wigs. Humans began to incorporate more complex ingredients into their production, such as ambergris, civet and musk derived from animals. BecauseRegular hygiene was still unpopular, scents were used to mask body odors. The scent was also in vogue because it helped to distinguish the rich layers.

Rene Le Florentin and Catherine de Medici

The changing tastes and developments of modern chemistry later laid the foundations of perfumery as we know it today in France. Alchemy gave way to chemistry. The French Revolution did not in any way reduce the taste for perfumes, it even created a fragrance called Parfum a la Guillotine. Under the post-revolutionary government, people again dared to express a penchant for luxury goods, including perfumes.. Thanks to its shops, the city of Grasse in Provence has established itself as the largest production center for raw materials for the production of perfumes. Of course, Paris became the business counterpart of the Grasse perfume mecca.

Fragrance creation

Although perfumes have been known for thousands of years,their production methods have changed over time. Some fragrant materials were originally turned into balms, while, for example, flower ingredients were part of fragrant oils. During frequent trade trips, perfumers also began to use imported exotic raw materials, which were often added to water.The first perfume bottles were made of wood and clay, and were gradually replaced by beautiful colored glass vials.

Today, perfumes are common fashion and personal accessories, which are made from natural and synthetic ingredients.It doesn't have to be expensive and noble, some are available and relatively well known. In recent years, however, the emergence of small and exclusive brands of fragrances has reappeared on the market. These are known asniche perfumesthat return fragrance lovers to the mysterious world of perfumes and exceptional art jewels, which niche scents are definitely. These fragrances contain the best oils from around the world and revived a passion for real perfumes and ancient crafts.If you crave such a scent, don't forget to read the article that tells youhow to choose the perfect and distinctive perfumethat will become a part of you as a wonderful piece of jewelry. Because perfume ... is not just a scent.